Endocrinology (Management of Common Diseases in Family Practice)
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If you smoke and need help quitting, go to SmokeFree. Eye drops can relieve dry, gritty, irritated eyes—the most common of the milder symptoms. If pain and swelling occur, your doctor may prescribe a steroid such as prednisone. Sunglasses can help with light sensitivity. Special eyeglass lenses may help reduce double vision. If you have puffy eyelids, your doctor may advise you to sleep with your head raised to reduce swelling. If your eyelids do not fully close, taping them shut at night can help prevent dry eyes.
Your doctor may recommend surgery to improve bulging of your eyes and correct the vision changes caused by pressure on the optic nerve.
Internal Medicine vs. Family Medicine
A procedure called orbital decompression makes the eye socket bigger and gives the eye room to sink back to a more normal position. Eyelid surgery can return retracted eyelids to their normal position.
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Eating foods that have large amounts of iodine—such as kelp, dulse, or other kinds of seaweed—may cause or worsen hyperthyroidism. Taking iodine supplements can have the same effect. Talk with your health care professional about what foods you should limit or avoid, and let him or her know if you take iodine supplements. Also, share information about any cough syrups or multivitamins that you take because they may contain iodine.
The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public.
How common is Graves' disease? Who is more likely to develop Graves' disease? What is Graves' disease? The thyroid is a small gland in your neck that makes thyroid hormones. Radioactive iodine uptake test. This test measures the amount of iodine the thyroid collects from the bloodstream. Thyroid scan. This scan shows how and where iodine is distributed in the thyroid. With other causes of hyperthyroidism such as nodules—small lumps in the gland—the iodine shows up in a different pattern.
Learn more about thyroid tests. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension. Conditions such as the metabolic syndrome, or a rare adrenal growth called a pheochromocytoma, may also cause a hormone imbalance that leads to hypertension.
Endocrinologists are trained to detect factors that may be related to lipid disorders, such as hypothyroidism — a hormone imbalance caused by thyroid conditions — drug use, or genetic or metabolic conditions. Lipid disorders can be found in several conditions that require special management, including the metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome and obesity.
Special diets, exercise and medications may be prescribed to manage hyperlipidemia and other lipid disorders. Click here to find out more. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Skip to main content Houston Endocrinology. Page Content. What diseases does an Endocrinologist treat?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Over 40 million Americans have pre-diabetes.
Welcome to Metabolic & Endocrine Disease Summit (MEDS)
Thyroid Disease Patients with thyroid disease often have problems with their energy levels. Bone Disease Osteomalacia, more commonly known as rickets, causes bones to soften while osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the skeleton. Obesity Endocrinologists treat patients who are overweight or obese, sometimes because of metabolic and hormonal problems. Pituitary Gland The pituitary is often called the master gland of the body because it controls other glands and makes several important hormones.
Hypertension Hypertension is high blood pressure and it is a risk factor for heart disease. Click here to see related stories. Patients with thyroid disease often have problems with their energy levels. They may also have problems with muscle strength, emotions, weight control and tolerating heat or cold.
An endocrinologist treats patients who have too much or too little thyroid hormone caused by either an overactive or underactive thyroid. They help patients with thyroid disease reach a hormone balance by replacing or blocking thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, just below the voice box.
Graves' Disease | NIDDK
It produces hormones that help the body control metabolism. Thyroid hormone is produced in response to another hormone released by the pituitary gland. Click here for a related story. Osteomalacia, more commonly known as rickets, causes bones to soften while osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the skeleton. Both are bone diseases that an endocrinologist diagnoses and treats. Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disease. An estimated 10 million Americans have osteoporosis, as well as another 18 million who have low bone mass, or osteopenia, which may eventually lead to osteoporosis if not treated.
Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body, or both. Certain hormones act to protect bone tissue, and when hormone levels are abnormal, bones can lose calcium and weaken. Menopause in women, loss of testicle function in men and aging may put certain people at risk for bone fractures.
The leading cause of osteoporosis is a drop in estrogen in women during menopause and a drop in testosterone in men. Women, especially those older than 50, get osteoporosis more often than men.
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Kelsey-Seybold endocrinologists treat other disorders that can affect bones, such as too much parathyroid hormone and long-term use of steroids. Endocrinologists treat patients who are overweight or obese, sometimes because of metabolic and hormonal problems. Thyroid, adrenal, ovarian and pituitary disorders rarely cause obesity.